Formal Requirments of Authors

Template of paper

Format sample of paper


All articles must be written in English. If English is not your first language, please ask an English-speaking colleague to proofread your article.

Structure of the Article

Body of the article includes tables, figures, etc. placed where they belong
Appendices (if applicable)


Title, author details, abstract and keywords are vital part of an article, since it is these metadata which are freely available to all users and from which online searches can find the article.

Title Page

The title of the article should contain no abbreviations or acronyms. The title should be followed by the author’s name, affiliation and E-mail contact.


The use of acronyms should be avoided in the title and keywords unless widely recognized and understood.


A 100 to 400 word description of the article, labelled ‘Abstract’, should be submitted double-spaced on a separate page.


Approximately 5-10 JEL classification key words (words or phrases) suitable for indexing and on-line search purposes should be supplied. Keywords field should contain all the essential words or phrases of the title and of the abstract. Do not use brackets in the keywords field.

Body (for body of paper use template above)

Format text and paragraph of body: 

  • FONT: 11-pointARIAL
  • spacing 1,15 (MS OFFICE 97-2003) or 14 point (MS OFFICE 2010-2013 or MS OFFICE 365)
  • For mathematical symbols, Greek letters and other special characters, use normal text or Symbol font. 
  • Margins must be 2,4 cm on all sides.
  • All pages must be only portrait, no landscape.

The pages should be numbered serially. Papers should usually be 7,000 – 10,000 words in length.

Body of the article usually includes review of literature, methodology and data propositions, analysis and findings.

Tables and Figures

Use the Microsoft Word table function to create tables. Tables and figures should be located in the text and numbered sequentially using Arabic numerals, i.e., Table 1 and Figure 1. Please prepare all figures, especially line diagrams, to the highest possible standards. Bear in mind that lettering may be reduced in size by a factor of 2 or 3, and that fine lines may disappear.  


Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.


Bottom of the page footnotes are preferred to end of the article endnotes. They should be indicated by numerals placed in the text. Footnotes are for explanation and comments, as distinct from references; they may themselves contain references to the bibliography.

Format text and paragraph of footnotes: 

  • FONT: 9-pointARIAL;
  • spacing 1,15 (MS OFFICE 97-2003) or 14 point (MS OFFICE 2010-2013 or MS OFFICE 365).


References should be cited in the text according to the Harvard reference system, that is, use the last name of the author(s), the date of publication and, following quoted material, the page references. The reference list should include every work cited in the text. Please ensure that dates, spelling and title used in the text are consistent with those listed in the References. References should be arranged alphabetically.

Format text and paragraph of references:

  • FONT: 10-pointARIAL;
  • spacing 1,15 (MS OFFICE 97-2003) or 14 point (MS OFFICE 2010-2013 or MS OFFICE 365).
  • Indentation first line 1 cm before other lines

It is the author´s responsibility to ensure that where copyright materials are included within an article the permission of the copyright holder has been obtained.

Author Contributions

For complete transparency, all submitted manuscripts should include an author contributorship statement that specifies the work of each author. For research articles with several authors, a short paragraph specifying their individual contributions must be provided.

The following statements should be used: Conceptualization, X.X. and Y.Y.; methodology, X.X.; software, X.X.; validation, X.X., Y.Y. and Z.Z.; formal analysis, X.X.; investigation, X.X.; resources, X.X.; data curation, X.X.; writing—original draft preparation, X.X.; writing—review and editing, X.X.; visualization, X.X.; supervision, X.X.; project administration, X.X.; funding acquisition, Y.Y. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

Please refer to CRediT taxonomy for an explanation of terms. Authorship must be limited to those who have contributed substantially to the work reported.

The corresponding author should act as a point of contact between the editor and the other authors, keep co-authors informed, and involve them in major decisions about the publication.

Joint first authors can be indicated by the inclusion of the statement “X and X contributed equally to this paper” in the manuscript. The roles of the equal authors should also be adequately disclosed in the contributorship statement.

For review articles, where individual statements are less applicable, a statement should be included that clarifies who was responsible for the ideation, who performed the literature search and/or data analysis, and who drafted and revised the work.